Phytochemical Screening Mango Bacang Leaf Extract (Mangifera foetida L) and Salam Leaf Extract (Syzygium polyanthum)

  • Kony Putriani Universitas Abdurrab
  • Syahral Ramadhani Universitas Abdurrab
  • Melanie Amalia Fitry Universitas Abdurrab
  • Suyefri Sony Universitas Abdurrab
  • Amelia Wulansari Universitas Abdurrab
Keywords: Phytochemical test, antibacterial activity, mango leaf, bay leaf

Abstract

Bacang mango leaves and bay leaves are plants that have been used for a long time, even bay leaves themselves are often used as cooking ingredients. Mango Bacang leaves and bay leaves contain alkaloids, phenols, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, saponins, triterpenes, polyphenols as well as essential oils. So this research was conducted to develop the use of mango Bacang leaves and bay leaves as natural medicine. The sample was determined and identified in the laboratory of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Riau University. Furthermore, the mango Bacang and bay leaves were macerated using 96% ethanol and extracted until a thick extract was obtained which would then be tested for phytochemical screening on the Bacang mango leaf extract and bay leaf extract. The results obtained that the extract of mango Bacang leaf and bay leaf extract were positive for containing flavonoid compounds, saponins and tannins so that they could be developed to be used as natural remedies.

References

[1] Jain, R. & Jain, S.K., Screening of in vitro cytotoxic activity of some medicinal plants used traditionally to treat cancer in Chhattisgarh state, India, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, S147-S150, 2011
[2] Nuryanto A., Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Etanol Daun Mangga Bacang (Mangifera foetida L.) terhadap Escherichia coli secara In Vitro, Jurnal Mahasiswa PSPD FK Universitas Tanjungpura, 2014; 1(1).
[3] Rijayanti, R.P., Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ektrak Etanol Daun Mangga Bacang (Mangifera foetida L.) terhadap Staphylococcus aureus secara In Vitro, Jurnal Mahasiswa FK Universitas Tanjungpura, 2014; 1(1).
[4] Masibo, M., & He. Q., In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity and the Major Polyphenol in Leaf Extract of Mangifera indica L, Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 2009, 5(2), 73-80.
[5] Soedarsono, Tumbuhan obat pusat, Jillid 2. Yogyakarta: Studi Obat Tradisional;. hlm. 174, 2002
[6] Evendi, A., Uji Fitokimia dan Anti Bakteri Ekstrak Daun Salam (Syzygium polyanthum) terhadap Bakteri Salmonella typhi dan Eschericia coli secara Invitro, Mahakam Medical Laboratory Teknology Journal, 2017, 2(1),1-9.
[7] Mei Lina F.K., Funsu Andriana, Uji
Fitokimia Ekstrak Etanol Daun Kemangi
(Ocimum basilicum L), Indonesian Journal
for Health Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 1, Maret
2020, Hal, 39-44.
[8] D. Darwis, Teknik Dasar Laboratorium Dalam Penelitian Senyawa Bahan Alami Hayati, Padang: Universitas Andalas, 2000
[9] P. E. U. D. Artini, K. W. Astuti, and N. K. Warditiani, ‘Uji Fitokimia Ekstrak Etil Asetat Rimpang Bangle (Zingiber purpureum Roxb’, J. Farm. Udayana, vol. 2, no. 4, 2013.
[11] A. Arel, E. S. Wardi, and Y. Oktaviani, Profil Metabolit Sekunder Ekstrak Daun Berenuk (Crescentia Cujete L.) dan Uji Sitotoksik Dengan Metode Brine Shrimp Lethality Test’, J. Kat., vol. 3, no. 2, p. 82, Oct, 2018
[12] S. D. Marliana, V. Suryanti, and Suyono, ‘Skrining Fitokimia dan Analisis Kromatografi Lapis Tipis Komponen Kimia Buah Labu Siam (Sechium edule Jacq’, Swartz.) dalam Ekstrak Etanol. Biofarmasi, vol. 3, pp. 26–31, 2005


[13] P. E. U. D. Artini, K. W. Astuti, and N. K. Warditiani, ‘Uji Fitokimia Ekstrak Etil Asetat Rimpang Bangle (Zingiber purpureum Roxb’, J. Farm. Udayana, vol. 2, no. 4, 2013
[14] A. I. Mabruroh, ‘Uji Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Tanin dari Daun Rumput Bambu (Lophatherum gracile Brongn) dan Identifikasinya’, UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang, 2015
[15] E. Ryanata, ‘Penentuan Jenin Tanin dan Penetapan Kadar Tanin dari Kulit Buah Pisang Masak (Musa paradisiaca L.) Secara Spektrofotometri dan Permanganometri’, Calyptra: Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Universitas Surabaya, vol. 4, no. 1, p. 16, 2015
[16]Putra, R.E.D., H. Homenta, dan V.N.S. Wowor, Uji Daya Hambat Perasan Buah Jeruk Purut Citrus Hytrix terhadap Bakteri Staphylococcus Aureus secara In Vitro, Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi UNSRAT 6(1): 62-67, 2017
[17] Hafsari, A.R., Cahyanto, T., Sujarwo, T., Lestari, R. I., Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Daun Beluntas (Pluchea indica (L.) LESS.)Terhadap Propionibacterium Acnes Penyebab Jerawat, Jurnal ISTEK, vol.9, no.1, 2015
Published
2021-07-29
Abstract viewed = 66 times
PDF downloaded = 59 times